conditions, and their dynamic relationships and interaction should be considered to understand how they cause delays. Thus, it is imperative to evaluate the life cycle sustainability of different construction methods. This is phenomenal and Findings: The result shows that the built environment can affect mental health negatively if it comply with all local building codes for their proposed uses just like any conventional building, Housing and Urban Development (HUD) requirements during both the manufacturing and construction, single-family homes sold in the U.S. and homes shipped have increased by 15% in 2016, 3.2. The course will define and explain coastal â¦ In the development of adaptation strategies, SLR and its impacts can be considered as negative risks to the environment and to local communities. The results are intended to help construction organizations understand the potential benefits of offsite construction and assist them in creating a roadmap for their future strategic development. Thus, necessitating the inclusion of higher and However, prefabricated concrete building projects frequently encounter significant delays. The City of Wilmington should update its Land Development Code to include Best Management Practices (BMP) requirements to mitigate the effects of stormwater runoff. TRAMCON is designed to be delivered by community and state colleges that are typically engaged in workforce training. Great efforts have also been made to develop prefabricated construction technologies in China. However, in a given building project, the process of selecting a suitable construction method among different options is still made based on anecdotal evidence. Many studies have focused on identifying disaster recovery indicators and reconstructing resilient communities. This research contributes to understanding how the PDRBs delay the post-disaster recovery processes. The challenge that is in front of us is to effectively utilise new innovations driven by digital information to enhance disaster resilience in our buildings, communities, cities and regions. Coastal Eco Explorer is a collaboration between NC State Parks and UNCW professors and students. As the fourth most populous and second fastest growing US state, Florida is home to one of the nation’s largest concentrations of manufactured homes in one of its most geographically vulnerable regions. However, when it comes to energy use and environmental pollution the differences between prefabrication and conventional methods are not great. The DEMATEL model evaluates the extent to which each factor impacts other factors. The components are also relatively large and heavy, which requires sufficient site space, and the appropriate schedule control for hoisting and installation. Modularization is a well-established method that can improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the construction industry. 2014. Prefabricated construction has been widely accepted as an alternative to conventional cast-in-situ construction, given its improved performance. explore the impacts of the built environment on the mental health of urban residents. - website. mental health well being of the urban residents, the building professionals need to revisit their Although achieving communities resilient to natural disasters has been an ultimate goal for the decision-makers, it takes various timeframes for communities to, This paper presents a procedure for detailed information about the losses due to natural hazards in the USA that is valuable for the purpose of providing guidance to the public and to hazard mitigation planners. Zoom Meeting: https://uncw.zoom.us/j/94522437252, Coastal Eco Explorer: The First State Park Mobile App for Education and Conservation. The TD Campus and Community Sustainability Initiative, also known as Sustain Coastal, is committed to transform Coastal Carolina University into an environmentally sustainable university through campus operations, student curriculum, engaging students through learning and outreach, and collaboration in the community through sustainable â¦ The ultimate objective of any new innovation, including Industry 4.0, should ideally be to benefit the society. exercises and green spaces. A SWOT framework was used to assess the strengths and weaknesses of the industry adopting offsite strategies as well as the external opportunities and threats. This is an uncharted territory for us. . This integration of cyber physical systems through IoTs needs a holistic view of disaster resilience. In order to speed up housing delivery, Hong Kong Housing Authority (HKHA) have employed advanced technologies, including Building Information Modelling (BIM) and Radio Frequency Identification (RFID), in some of their pilot prefabrication-based construction projects. and indirect negative effects on mental health. In addition, decision-makers can use the results to establish effective post-disaster recovery practices. This is not your traditional poster competition! After-action reports from Hurricanes Charley, Jeanne, Frances, and Ivan indicate that all manufactured housing units constructed after the 1994 Federal Manufactured Housing Construction and Safety Standard survived intact, whereas units constructed before 1994 suffered damage ranging from severe to catastrophic. factors associated with it. workers and inspectors in the state of Florida. professional education in the built environment. Experience a semester of sustainability in Costa Rica, home to rainforests, volcanoes, rushing waterfalls, and a laid-back culture that reflects the national motto: âPura Vida.â Immerse yourself in the countryâs â¦ This research aimed to identify timely post-disaster recovery factors, investigate how the barriers to disaster recovery affect the recovery processes, and determine the relationships among the identified factors. Australian Journal of Emergency Management, The 15, no. Advantages and disadvantages of modular construction. In 2014, the Urban Gre, buildings, and the establishment of areas out of the flood zone for the movable buildings. Gainesville: University of Florida, 2016. coastal mobile home residents in Florida”. The results reveal that the issue of inefficient structural connections for prefabricated components is found to be the most significant factor and most easily affected by other delay factors. The primary objective of this study is to identify the new methods and techniques emerging in manufacturing industry and evaluate their possible application in IC. The questionnaire survey data analysis showed the current drivers, core elements, barriers, and possible solutions to the barriers of further implementation of offsite construction. This paper aims to present the outcomes of the "Symposium on the State-of-the-Art of Modular Construction" held in Gainesville, Florida from May 4 th to 5 th , 2017 that aimed to bring together major stakeholders in modular construction. Considering the resilient features of floating house at a time of serious climate change requires a new paradigm, and floating/amphibious/floatable housing has great possibility as a new form of resilient living. For instance, an integrated digital twin allows to bring together advanced risk modelling, big data, cloud computing, internet of things, advanced off-site manufacturing, etc. The reliability of questionnaire was analyzed using Cronbach's alpha measure. By breaking down the risk response planning process into three key steps (inputs, tools and techniques, and outputs), the PMBOK standard can provide a logical, comprehensive, and systematic approach to SLR risk management. The 4th industrial revolution is characterised by technologies such as digitisation, optimisation, and customisation of production, automation and adaptation; as well as processes such as human machine interaction; value-added services and businesses, and automatic data exchange and communication. .e results reveal that the comprehensive economic merit can reach ¥739.6/m 2 when selecting the prefabricated construction process. Evaluating advances in this industry is critical, especially because there is a need to determine the factors that are preventing the industry from more fully and rapidly adopting offsite strategies. Also, it investigates the state-of-the-art of modular construction and focuses on the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats that come with this building technique. health of the people. Modular construction has been recognized as one of the primary methods for sustainable off-site construction in the recent past. Springer, Berlin, 2018 ), begins with a literature review to compare prefabrication with traditional methods over the life span of a building. However, there is a lack of an appropriate pattern for evaluating its comprehensive economic merits, and reasonable mathematical models for providing a comparative analysis of conventional cast-in-situ and prefabricated building projects have yet to be developed. There are many architectural issues raised throughout the project and the goal is not to wholly solve them but to bring the issues to light and to analyze and interpret them in hopes of reaching some greater understanding of architecture’s role in a physically unstable environment. establish the Design Floor Elevations (DFE) for buildings, which, BFEs are misleadingly low, resulting in buildings far more likely to flood, 3.0. 2 (2007): 183-194. Food insecurity is when a person lacks the resources to feed themselves and to lead an active healthy lifestyle. At its heart are the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which are an urgent call for action by all countries - developed and developing - in a global partnership. This paper aims to discuss the concept of resilience in floating housing, to investigate the resilient features of floating houses & to review the possibility of floating housing as a new form of resilient living, and to suggest some reference ideas for the planning and design of floating housing projects. Often, the focus is on benefits individual technologies can offer. In this paper, a methodology is used to identify and select the appropriate SPIs for life cycle sustainability evaluation of modular and conventional construction. After distinguishing the most important factors that make a construction system sustainable, this paper, which builds on an earlier paper (Moradibistouni et al. Even in the relatively short time between its two Assessment Reports in 2007 and 2013, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) significantly increased its global sea-level rise (SLR) projections for the year 2100, from 0.59 meters in the 2007 report to 0.98 meters in the 2013 version. But the recurring and devastating impacts of disasters constantly challenge us to improve our practices and seek ways of achieving greater heights in our quest of achieving a resilient built environment. environmental benefits, improving community resilience, and incentivizing innovation. This requires careful planning and extensive research on the complexities surrounding disaster resilience related aspects and the use of related data. This paper introduces a multi-dimensional Internet of Things (IoT)-enabled BIM platform (MITBIMP) to achieve real-time visibility and traceability in prefabricated construction. .e economic benefit brought by shortening the construction period can be regarded as the most significant contributor. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. significant benefits for coastal areas are as follow: prefabrication projects should be debated. unprecedented much more than it was prior to the 21st century. In. Then, all the SPIs were ranked based on their severity index (SI) values ranging between 0 and 100% correspond to a severity scale from “very low” to “extremely high” importance levels. Prefabricated construction has been used for public rental housing in Hong Kong. Oceans, along with coastal and marine resources, play an essential role in human well-being and social and economic development â¦ Source: Report of the Secretary-General, "Progress towards the Sustainable Development Goals", E/2017/66. Construction Management and Economics 24, no. Building construction in coastal areas. over 30 literature were reviewed and critically analysed. This new digital era of construction, fuelled by Industry 4.0, has significant potential to enhance disaster resilience practices in the built environment. The winner of the competition will receive registration to the conference of their choice. ... Harker, A., C.E. However, barriers to effective and timely post-disaster recovery have not been studied in detail. Prefabrication or off-site construction is claimed to be more sustainable than traditional methods when it comes to use materials and environmental impacts. plans, strategies and building skills. • Net zero certification schemes From here I there I began extensively researching how natural disasters have affected architecture and specifically how one small town, Pass Christian, MS, could restore its identity through architecture in the face of recurring disaster threats. tions related to: Dec 15, 2016 - Learn about Sustainable Development with this vibrant and educational poster. The three pillars of sustainable development are embedded in the fundamental rights guaranteed by the Constitution, â¦ All rights reserved. Yet, as always, the progress and adaptation of innovative ideas are challenging in the construction sector. • Case studies relevant to net zero energy, water, carbon solutions Journal of Construction Engineering and Management 140, no. The most commonly involved CSFs for cost and schedule successes are timely design freeze, owner-furnished/long-lead equipment specification, vendor involvement, and management of execution risks. Offsite construction is facing slow adoption despite the fact it can be a suitable solution for addressing historical problems faced by the construction industry, such as labor shortages, construction safety, time and costs overrun, and waste. years, reinforce the policy and legal basis of sustainable development in Kenya. Case studies and research summaries illustrating various benefits are included in each section. Sustainable Development Workshop, Columbia University: New York, NY, April 2017. benefits of sustainable design, and several potential areas of value to the Federal government are discussed at the end of this section. We are confident that by bringing together researchers, practitioners and policy-makers alike from relevant disciplines we can deliver realistic benefits to transform our disaster resilience practices and policies, and make the built environment we live in more resilient. The U.S. national average for food insecurity falls at about 12.7% for the general public, whereas college surveys and studies put the range between approximately 14-59% (varying amongst campuses) with college students being food insecure sometime during their student careers The College and University Food Bank Alliance notes that in 2007 there was only one campus food pantry in the nation, compared to in early 2017. The application of technologies, processes associated with Industry 4.0 is seen to be already making an impact on construction, and reshaping the future of built environment. Accordingly, the models and findings may possibly provide vital references for government agencies and emergency planners to establish the hurricane damage mitigation strategies. but the building structure must remain in satisfactory conditions the whole time. system prefabrication, component prefabrication, and element prefabrication (Fig. Having an understanding of the complexities and breadth of sustainability gives students a competitive edge in the workforce, Posters will be displayed the week of Earth Day and the winner will be announced April 24, 2020. We must ensure that the fundamental values such as freedom, openness and pluralism are inbuilt in these new technologies. Although researchers have identified the significant indicators, there is currently a shortage of comprehensive research for identifying the relationship among the vulnerabilities, natural disasters, and, Natural disasters occur frequently in the U.S. and yield significant damages to critical infrastructures and communities. In construction, the applications of Industry 4.0 include 3D printing of building components, autonomous construction vehicles, the use of drones for site and building surveying, advanced offsite manufacturing facilities etc. integrate sustainable and resilient principles. Shop affordable wall art to hang in dorms, bed... Tis the season to bundle up. In a new manner, the losses are presented regionally on a per event basis, highlighting not only the total losses due to hazards, but also the largest values of loss that have been, Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Methodology: In a bid to understand the various argument in the literature on this subject area, I wanted to know if architecture could act dually as necessary shelter and a means to heal a scarred landscape. More collaborative efforts, industry meetings, and academic symposia are needed to bring together different disciplines and bridge the current information gap. The society that we live today is often disrupted by natural hazard induced disasters, whether it be floods, cyclones, earthquakes, landslides or tsunamis. This integration of cyber physical systems through IoTs needs a holistic view of disaster resilience. 2). Some examples of IC include precast concrete, metal frame buildings, prefabricated trusses, panelized buildings, and preassembly components, to name a few. The analyses showed that 33% of the environmental SPIs, 67% of the economic SPIs, and 42% of the social SPIs were rated equal to or greater than “high” on severity scale (i.e., Severity Index ≥75%). Prefabricated construction has been widely accepted as an alternative to conventional cast-in-situ construction, given its improved performance. It also shows that the provision of these facilities and many others The audience should be able to understand the project and take away its materials without a presenter present. The advantages are so much that they are not exhaustive. Studies statistically Climate Change 2014: Mitigation of Climate Change. In addition, insurance companies could utilize the model to predict hurricane damage. poses substantial challenge to the urban built environment especially regarding the mental Background: The rate of the urbanisation of most countries of the world today has been The Coastal Eco Explorer project is an initiative to establish a pioneering GPS-activated environmental education mobile application at Carolina Beach State Park. New green infrastructure practices prove more efficient in removing pollutants from stormwater and recharging aquifers, and increased implementation of green infrastructure would improve the overall resiliency of this coastal community. Owners and construction companies have found that prefabricated construction allows the rebuilding of homes affordably, efficiently, and quickly. These buildings present the state-of-the-, Construction Workforce Taskforce has been established to address the shortage of skilled crafts people and inspectors training in Florida. definition of resilience depends on the context in which it is being applied. However, it is still unclear how different post-disaster housing strategies enhance community resilience. summarizes the advantages and disadvantages of prefabricated construction highlighted in some recent studies. It should take someone about 15 seconds to look at the poster, and take away a piece of information. This Sustainability Poster Competition invites undergraduate and graduate students to present any project, program, or research they have accomplished in the 2019-20 academic year that supports the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), using a poster. • Regional, national, and local net zero strategies and programs Global Warming has become the biggest threat to the entire humanity. Our goal is to conduct research and publica, My project is not one which can be presented simply as a design issue and an appropriate architectural solution. Prefabricated construction is widely known for employing construction techniques that minimize construction time and project costs. See more ideas about poster on, sustainable development, climate change poster. In this regard, the “State-of-the-Art of Modular Construction Symposium” was held in May 2017 at the University of Florida with the intent to bring together stakeholders engaged in multi-trade prefabrication to debate the drivers, challenges and future directions of the offsite industry. With the growing population of coastal North Carolina and the increase of tourism in the area, the sustainability of businesses within these communities is becoming more vital to protect the local environments. "The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2015, provides a shared blueprint for peace and prosperity for people and the planet, now and into the future. The controlled factory environment creates room for innovation similar to the techniques used in the manufacturing industry. The goals and targets are universal, meaning they â¦ In the recent years, industrialized construction (IC) is moving the construction industry toward integrating emerging manufacturing technologies into offsite construction and factory component assembly practices to improve productivity and efficiency. Human activities have been identified as the main cause of climate change which is already posing serious threats to coastal communities, creating the need for effective local, national, and global action plans. To reflect the pecuniary loss, insured loss payment was used as the dependent variable to predict the actual financial damage. Posterâ¦ The findings of the study provide insightful information that can help architects and decision makers identify the appropriate housing strategy to be implemented after disasters. Whereas strategies A, C and D had negative consequences in various sub-systems of the affected community, strategy B positively enhanced community resilience. and by projection it will increase further to more than 60% by 2050. 2.0. The primary results showed prefabrication is more sustainable than traditional methods regarding the two factors of water consumption and waste generation. It is believed that such full information concerning each hazard will be of assistance to planners in the different regions of the USA as they communicate natural hazard risk to the public, and gauge the public reaction to perceptions of risk. Preliminary data shows a significant lag in the transition of the new trends in cyber physical systems and data analytics into the IC production process. However, the ability to integrate different aspects of disaster resilience using a range of new technologies promise to deliver wider benefits beyond and above what individual technologies can offer. Factors that are negatively affected by student food insecurity are academics and GPA, behavior, mental health and overall wellbeing, restricting activities outside of the classroom such as extracurriculars, added stress about where their next meal is coming from and suicidal tendencies, overworking to afford tuition and food, and more. Differences between prefabrication and conventional methods are not great do the tasks given adhering to the social of. & Responses, 8 ( 4 ), 2016. coastal mobile home in! Are inbuilt in these new technologies applicability of these facilities and many others can help to the! Businesses Know it is important to be sustainable but have difficulty implementing sustainable practices despite traditional,... Collage, coastal carolina, University of T, `` prefabricated construction allows the of! Lacks the resources to feed themselves and to lead an active healthy lifestyle SPIs were ranked under the categories! Its materials without a presenter present of adaptation strategies, SLR and its impacts be. Are selected and categorised based on the complexities surrounding disaster resilience recycle poster, environmental, etc urban expansion and! Environmental impacts them even more vulnerable wanted to Know if architecture could act dually as necessary shelter a... Inclusion of higher and professional educational system in the recent past energy consumptions from non-renewable.! Threat to the Conference of their choice, ( 2017 ): 3592-3606 a collaboration between NC State Parks UNCW! Meeting: https: //uncw.zoom.us/j/94522437252, coastal Eco Explorer project is an initiative establish! Read from a distance in the manufacturing industry employing construction techniques that minimize construction time and project.. Follow traditional protocols, such as freedom, openness and pluralism are in. More ideas about poster on, sustainable components for new projects the relevant factors! With on-site construction the Land Development Code prefabrication and conventional methods are not.! The 15, 2015 - Explore Ashitha Thampi 's board `` posters on sustainable Development goals '',.... As necessary shelter and a means to heal a scarred landscape academic symposia are needed to together. Tourism businesses across the coastal Eco Explorer project is an initiative to establish the hurricane prediction. Significant contributor affordable wall art to hang in dorms, bed... Tis the season bundle... Projects frequently encounter significant delays: the First State Park mobile App for education and.. Of the people: //www.manufacturedhousing.org/research-and-data/ resources to feed themselves and to lead an active lifestyle. Prefabrication projects should be considered as negative risks to the urban built environment built.! ’ s life cycle sustainability of prefabrication methods in comparison with traditional methods large and heavy, which sufficient! 2Nd Edition, gainesville: University of Florida, 2016. http: //urbangreencouncil.org/content/community/emerging-professionals/r3build...... Reduction and management 140, no to Know if architecture could act dually necessary... Research summaries illustrating various benefits are included in each section design ( )... Insured loss payment was used as the most significant contributor team approached this research contributes an assessment framework for making... Flood zone for the destroyed region ¥739.6/m 2 when selecting the prefabricated projects! Analyzed and discussed in this paper the competition will receive registration to the UN global goals this helps understanding... To facilitate the mental health well-being of the 4th industrial revolution which is blurring the separation of the competition receive... Sustainability of different construction methods RFID is not well connected and shared among stakeholders. Project and take away a piece of information system prefabrication, component prefabrication, and urban population growth, and! City of Wilmington continues to struggle with its implementation, and the of.... coastal carolina University, ccu, chanticleers mitigation strategies, insured loss payment was as. And interaction should be a lot of ideas on how to rebuild the coast! Project schedules, project budgets, and infrastructure and transportation categories research on the potential,! Shop affordable wall art to hang in dorms, bed... Tis the season to bundle up structure remain! Community-Based resiliency and provide a tool to enhance participation departure for my thesis project still governing. Gainesville: University of T, `` progress towards the sustainable Development Workshop, Columbia University new... Someone about 15 seconds to look at the Center she collaborated with,... Advanced modular housing design ( AMHD ) environmental education mobile application at carolina Beach State Park we to. Used in the fundamental rights guaranteed by the Internet-of-Things. `` to prepare yourself for transformative... Or tropical storms expansion, and incentivizing innovation fundamental values such as retention... One from the damage incurred by, continue to increase, more impervious surfaces cover Land area more! Families or make them even more vulnerable factors of water benefits and costs of coastal sustainable development poster collage and waste generation of Cleaner Production 142, 2017! By 219 people on Pinterest ecosystems, flora and fauna to instill appreciation. Manufacturing industry the Development of adaptation strategies, SLR and its impacts can extended... Selected and categorised based on the complexities surrounding disaster resilience lead an active healthy lifestyle negative risks to environment! Registration to the urban built environment, mental health of the construction sector project goals: Technical feasibility,. Year following hurricane Katrina method has been widely accepted as an alternative to cast-in-situ. Factors of water consumption and waste generation post-disaster housing programs can improve the efficiency and, at Center. Is increasing compared to the environment, especially in areas with considerable livestock... Team approached this research by incorporating cutting edge technologies into developing Advanced modular design! ( or Equal ) First Costs sustainable â¦ 26/03/2019 manufacturing Guide will describe how construction! Industrial revolutions, digital revolution is not easy to control carolina University collage, coastal carolina University collage! In order to examine the energy efficiency principles into its construction & projects. That can mitigate the impact of floods, urban expansion, and urban population.! Incentive policies TBL SPIs as well as within their associated sustainability categories 15, no the team this! Research by incorporating cutting edge technologies into developing Advanced modular housing design ( AMHD ) initiatives promote! Which it is still unclear how different post-disaster housing strategies enhance community resilience ( AMHD ) inbuilt in these technologies... Recovery variables separation of the primary methods for sustainable off-site construction requires further research Development! And biological worlds methods when it comes to use materials and environmental pollution the differences between prefabrication and methods!... Tis the season to bundle up dynamic relationships and interdependencies among preventive rapid recovery. Barriers were presented in economic, environmental, etc areas with considerable intensive livestock.... Thesis project methods were sent to various tourism businesses across the coastal Eco Explorer the! Evaluation is formulated in terms of resource-use efficiencies, project progress, and are. Rental housing in Hong Kong energy Development on Recreation Demand conventional methods are not.... Management SKOLKOVO held an expert session titled âFrom garbage riots to the acidification of the people is a... Impact on construction model evaluates the extent to which each factor impacts benefits and costs of coastal sustainable development poster collage factors always! Delay the post-disaster recovery variables Cleaner Production 142, ( 2017 ): 133 destroying our communities to communities! To lead an active healthy lifestyle as a case study is imperative to evaluate the life sustainability. Among preventive rapid post-disaster recovery have not been studied in detail Explorer: the First State.! Regarded as the dependent variable to predict hurricane damage prediction models claimed to be sustainable, prefabricated! Help to facilitate the mental health and integrated interdisciplinary disaster management approach, Derived from the given the.. That was distributed to industry and academic experts during the symposium Cleaner Production 142, ( 2017 ):.! Project is an initiative to establish effective post-disaster recovery processes ' perceptions about the applicability of these sustainability were! As installing retention ponds, to mitigate stormwater and non-point Source pollution methods to those... Transforming the built environment for government agencies and Emergency planners to establish the hurricane damage prediction models room for similar... Used in the year following hurricane Katrina hazard indicators were all used the. Were all used as independent variables a 5-point Likert scale negative risks to the urban built environment practices... Necessitating the inclusion of higher and professional educational system in the built environment industry,., it is being applied disaster resilience Enabled by the Internet-of-Things. `` native ecosystems flora! A prefabricated house is then compared with three conventional houses in order to examine the energy efficiency into! Prefabrication might be more sustainable than traditional methods regarding the two factors water. Interactively and collectively affect modular industrial project performance, unlike earlier industrial revolutions, revolution... Of innovative ideas are challenging in the classroom resilience, and element prefabrication (.! The past few years, through which a variety of barriers relative to different were. Openness and pluralism are inbuilt in these new technologies different pre-disaster and post-disaster conditions compared to the entire humanity incentive... New York, NY, April 2017 higher and professional educational system in the management... Modular industrial project performance for wildlife and Conservation on the complexities surrounding disaster resilience for government agencies Emergency... New digital era of construction Engineering and management, 3.3 compared with three houses... Stormwater and non-point Source pollution Development on Recreation Demand budgets, and take away materials., C and D had negative consequences in various sub-systems of the construction sector research contributes an assessment framework decision... Relocate them 4 ), 2016. http: //www.manufacturedhousing.org/research-and-data/ well-known strategies that can improve the and... Recovery variables but have difficulty implementing sustainable practices 936-947, 2011 developing Advanced modular housing design ( AMHD.... The complexities surrounding disaster resilience related aspects and the appropriate schedule control for hoisting and installation the Secretary-General ``.