I said: That is great Empire building. For that reason, I shall most certainly go into the Lobby tonight in support of this Bill. Otherwise Although, as I have said, it is a matter of keen regret that Burma should be leaving the Commonwealth, it is a source of great satisfaction to us all that the negotiations have been conducted in a spirit of the utmost good will and cooperation. But both meant death and mutilation for millions. Archaeological evidence shows that Homo erectus lived in the region now known as Myanmar as early as 750,000 years ago, with no more erectus finds after 75,000 years ago. A military-controlled one-party (Burma Socialist Programme Party [BSPP]) system was established. I doubt if any soldier will contemplate that that can be done with anything under two Divisions operating for an indefinite period. If that happens, then we shall see what occurred in Egypt and in other parts of the world where we have transferred power. Again, hon. The Minister for Economic Affairs smiles. Friend the Member for Woodford (Mr. Churchill). I think it is perhaps inseparable from the Socialist philosophy. Another hon. Burma Acts 1946-1947 Burma Acts 1948 Burma Acts 1950 Burma Acts 1951 Burma Acts 1952 Burma Acts 1953 Burma Acts 1954 Burma Acts 1955 Burma Acts 1956 Burma Acts 1957 Burma Acts 1958 Burma Acts 1959 Burma Acts 1960 Burma Acts 1962 He dryly criticised the Government for putting the future of Burma in the hands of such "outstanding authorities". Juli 1947 erließ die Labour-Regierung in London den Indian Independence Act. Indian Independence Act 1947 1947 CHAPTER 30. He is entitled to go and get his food, as he has been sitting here for the greater part of the day. There is great importance in the stage of Dominion status, in that it does give a definite period in which, with all the advantages of Dominion Government and the full authority attaching thereto, all matters can be considered without heat or prejudice; in which those who feel that they would wish to adhere to and enjoy the great advantages and protection afforded by the British Commonwealth of Nations to all its members, would have an opportunity of making their weight felt, without any question intervening of direct interference by British administrators in their local affairs. To my mind it is not a Socialist, but a Communist reception of life, whatever may be the alleged safeguards to protect those whose interests are to be protected. Gentleman may disagree with him about the things he did, but it is not the way to win the hearts or the affections of a people to insult their favourite leader—. I have been long enough in this House to know that one is entitled to use examples by way of illustration. He may be a traitor from the point of view of this country, but it does not follow that he would be a traitor from the point of view of his own country. Therefore, we can contemplate—and apparently hon. A Commonwealth realm is a sovereign state which has Elizabeth II as its monarch and head of state. Effective British rule over the whole of Burma has lasted just over 60 years. Almost all the aphorisms of Gladstonian Liberalism have proved to be untrue. Significant differences in political views between unionists and Irish nationalists are reflected in the variations of names they use for the region. We are responsible for raising these countries to a point where they will be able by improved education, health and general amenities in their country to assume their independence. I am sure that the noble Lord would not want a complete misstatement of facts to go on the record on an important matter like this. 1869 Burma goes forward as an independent country, but in friendship, and may that friendship deepen and ripen in course of time not only into more friendship for both lands, but into an example to the world. Members are interested in the point, that the Anglo Burman community took their part in the framing of the constitution, and it has not been the policy of the community to seek for special privileges. The only reality As is usual, my right hon. The dangers to which my hon. I think that policy is absolutely bad and vicious, and that ours is right. I believe it sets an example to the rest of the world in the relations that exist within it between the nations that compose the British Commonwealth of Nations, and I certainly do not stand at this Box tonight in any spirit of jubilation because Burma has seen fit to leave the British Commonwealth. The Tories have never understood this kind of development. I will withdraw then. But we have some regard for the finances of this country, and I should have thought that it was a very serious thing to become entirely irresponsible about the financial position of Burma when she needs our aid so much, and owes us so much. They approve also the policy enunciated recently by the Government, of withdrawing from Palestine in certain conditions. What our men went through there is almost indescribable, and they have left an imperishable memory behind them, fighting for the very freedom we are now conferring upon Burma. Those who ask what the alternative of my right hon. The constitution has been described to me by experienced constitutional lawyers as being a remarkably able document. 1922 We can only carry it out properly if we have regard to the views of the people on the spot who know the country and whose lives and livelihoods are likely to be in the country permanently. If the right hon. By June the Burmese had decided to leave the British Commonwealth of Nations. Will they give us an answer to them tonight? The second—is an elementary question, but a very difficult one to answer—it is, what is the alternative? If the hon. Each realm functions as an independent co-equal kingdom from the other realms. will realise that that is the feeling of this country, that we want the Burmese to be free, independent and prosperous, and to be friendly with us and I hope that these things will be realised. I remember the days—so long does my mind go back in this House—when we were discussing the new régime in China Many hon. I know Members opposite think that the prospect of anyone ever paying back to us money which is owed to us is unimportant. , Irish Crimes Act ; or the majority of hon fighting for liberty... At which, to-my great annoyance, there was during the war. ]! Make no attempt to deal with it, and the representatives elected met! 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